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Chapter 12 Anna Beata Andreasdotter

Chapter 12 Abbreviated Family Group Records

Husband Andreas Andreasson   1808-1867   Wife Christina Borjedotter   1815-1852    Married  1842
Children
1 M     Borje Adolph Andreasson   1842-1843
2 F      Anna Beata Andreasson 1844-1931    Married:     1887        Edward Graham   Married:     1911        Asmus Jorgensen
3 M     Johan Adolph Andreasson   1847-1881
4 M     Johan Martin Andreasson   1850-1930   Married:     1892        Maria Christina Anderson

Family Group Record
Husband Henry Norquist   Wife Anna Beata Andreasson 1844-1931   Married  1886

Family Group Record
Husband Edward Graham   1840-1906   Wife Anna Beata Andreasson 1844-1931   Married  1887

Family Group Record
Husband Asmus Jorgensen   1844-1916   Wife Anna Beata Andreasson 1844-1931   Married  1911

Chapter 12 Anna Beata Andreason  (1844-1931)

Maternal Step-Grandmother of Marcus Joy Christensen

By Beth Breinholt and Joy W. Stubbs  2009

Anna, the fifth wife of Asmus Jorgensen, is something of a mystery woman, at least to those of us four generations later.  We know her burial place, an unmarked grave on a lonely rise just a few hundred feet from that of Asmus in the Salt Lake City Cemetery.1 Both of these burial plots seem to have been pauper’s graves, randomly placed among strangers rather than family members.

Asmus had a small cement marker with only his name on it until his descendants replaced it many years later.  But as far we know, Anna Beata Andreason Graham Jorgensen had no descendants, though she may have been married three times. Thus it has fallen to her step-great-great-grandchildren to piece together the remnants of her long-ago life.

Anna Beata Andreasdotter was born October 31, 1844 (the same year as Asmus was) in Åhlgårda, Fjärås, Halland, Sweden.2 (Åhlgårda is a farm village in Fjärås Parish, Halland County in Sweden.)  Anna’s parents were Andreas Andreasson and Christina Borjedotter.3 4 Both her parents were also from Fjärås, Andreas from Annabo and Christina from Stormhult.  Andreas was listed as Sjöman (seaman or sailor) at the time of his marriage to Christina on April 15, 1853.5 His title is the same in the record of the birth of their first child, Borje Adolph,6 the 20th of August, the same year. After this time his title is given as Åbo, meaning that he is a lease farmer who did not own his farm but had a constant right to the farm he was using, with even some inherited rights for his wife and children.

In Sweden during this period of time, the parish priest was required by law to visit with each family in his parish every year. His mission was to teach them Luther’s catechism, but also to record the progress of each person in the family. Thus the household examination (or clerical survey) record was much like a census record, only better, since the priest also included birthdates and places and continually updated the status of each person. The priest made a new record about every 10 years, but in his annual review, changes in the family are noted. In the 1841-1849 Household Examination records in Fjärås, we can find this little family listed in Åhlgårda.7

Anna’s eldest brother, Borje, died before she was born, when he was only 15 months old,8 but he was not forgotten. Exactly 65 years from the date of his death, Anna Beata went to the Salt Lake Temple for the sealing to their parents9 for her and two of her brothers, little Borje and Johan Adolph, who was born in 1847 and died at 34 years of age.10 11 Her youngest brother, Johan Martin, was born when Anna Beata was five years old (23 Jan 1850).12 This brother was the only other family member that we know immigrated to the United States.

But for now, let us return to Sweden, to the village of Sundstorp, still in Fjärås, where the family had moved sometime before Johan Martin’s birth. It was also in this little village of Sundstorp that Anna’s mother, Christina, died of smallpox in 1852.  This left Anna, 7, Johan Adolph, 41 1/2, and little Johan Martin, just 2 years old, motherless. It must have been a terrible time for the family. The death records of the first three months of that year for the parish of Fjärås are filled with people of all ages who have the words S. koppor—smallpox—next to their name. Of the 53 deaths in the parish during those months, 35 of them were due to that disease. It was eight days before she could be buried, and on that day, the 22nd of February, six people were buried in the parish churchyard.13

However, Andreas soon found a new young mother for his little ones—Helena Andersdotter, whom he married on April 15 of the next year, 1853.14 He was 44 and she, 29. In the clerical survey for 1850-1860,15 Christina is crossed out and Helena added, and their family is growing. Anna Beata’s half-sister, Christina, was born in 1853. A new brother, August, appeared in 1856, Johanna Beata in 1858, and Anna Helena, born in 1861, was in the next survey.16 This same record (Sundstorp 1861-1875) reveals that Anna Beata left her home in 1861 at about 16 to go to work in the neighboring village of Stormhult, where her mother was born. An entry made in the village of Allenäs in 1864 shows the Andreas Andreasson family with one more baby daughter, Augusta Louisa, born that year.17

In Sweden during this period of time, education was usually both free and compulsory from ages 7-14. After these 7 years of education, young people were free to begin work, at home for their father or to take service elsewhere.18 The household examination records show many young people leaving home around this time and then moving from place to place, working independently from their families, and then marrying in their later twenties. Anna Beata’s history shows this same pattern, although there is no record of any marriage for her during her years in Sweden.

A young person’s education was not complete, however, until he or she received their confirmation in the state church—the Lutheran Church. A course of religious instruction by the priest prepared the young person for confirmation. When the boy or girl was confirmed, he or she left their boyhood or girlhood behind. This turning point in their lives was marked by a change of dress as well as of social standing. A boy discarded his knee-breeches and often wore his first watch on his first shirt front. A girl began to dress in long skirts and wore her hair in a topknot rather than her long braids. At the time of their confirmation, young people professed their faith in front of the whole congregation, and assumed responsibility for their actions. They were then looked upon as free and responsible members of society.19

Music and dancing were an important part of the Swedish lifestyle of this time, even among the working class. Muscular strength was admired, in girls as well as boys, and the dancing was vigorous, often held outdoors. Swimming, ice skating and skiing were popular pastimes for young people as well.  Anna Beata’s young adulthood years were also occupied with hard work as she became her own sole support. After her year in Stormhult, she went to work in Staborg in 1862, Allenäs in 1863 and Dagsnäs in 1864.

These villages were all in her native parish of Fjärås, but in October of 1866, Anna moved to the neighboring parish of Onsala where she worked for over 2 years in Stankelsäs. In 1869, she went to Hunsäs for a couple of years, then on to Kopstaden in 1871.  Though each of these posts lasted longer than her original working years in Fjärås, she still did not settle down for good. In November of 1875, we find her on the moving in list for Fargared, back again to her native parish of Fjärås.20

In the 1910 census taken in Salt Lake City, Utah, Anna reported her year of emigration to the United States as 1875.21 She would have been 31 in 1875. Although census immigration dates are often unreliable, it could have been that shortly after going back to Fjärås, she did immigrate. The Swedish clerical records for the years of 1876-1900 list her name, but she seems to have been lost to the parish priest. One household examination puts her on the “vagabond” list, while the next has her on the “separate” list.22 Her brother, Johan Martin, had immigrated to Michigan, probably in 1873.23

We believe there is strong evidence that Anna married Henry Norquist in 1886 in Sidney, Montcalm County, Michigan. (See Research Notes.) However, we find no further record of Henry unless you count the last name of an Anna Norquist who married Edward Graham in Montcalm County, Michigan on June 24, 1887. Although the birthdate does not match our Anna Beata, it seems that it is she who is found on the census record as Edward Graham’s wife, living near her brother John Andrews (Johan Martin Andreasson).

At age 55, Anna Beata Graham was baptized on June 19, 1900 by O. D. Leavitt and confirmed the same day by James H. Bruce in Stanton, Montcalm County, Michigan.24 In the Salt Lake City 14th Ward records from 1900-1909, we see that Annie Graham was received from the North Illinois Conference (really Michigan Conference) on August 8, 1906.25 Interestingly, Edward Graham died in February of 1906.

Anna was listed as Annie Graham, member, in the Salt Lake 25th Ward records when she married Asmus Jorgensen, a seventy.26 Their marriage license shows that Asmus Jorgensen, age 66 of Salt Lake City, and Mrs. Anna Graham, also age 66 of Salt Lake City, were married by Anthon H. Lund, an elder in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on May 10, 1911.27 The Salt Lake Temple record verifies this as their sealing date as well.28 Annie had been previously endowed on September 5, 1907 in the Salt Lake Temple.29 In 1912 Asmus and Annie moved to the Poplar Grove Ward in Salt Lake City, and it was here that Asmus died on January 20, 1916, leaving Annie Graham Jorgensen as his widow.30

We couldn’t find Annie enumerated in the 1920 federal census taken in January, but the Church census of Poplar Grove Ward, Pioneer Stake in November of 1920 records the residence of Annie at 1324 West Union Avenue (around 900 South) in Salt Lake. The second address this census gives was in October of 1925, when she was living at 1339 West 9th South.31

In 1930 the federal census tells us that Annie  Graham was living in the Salt Lake County Infirmary located in State Street at 21st South.32 A note on the census indicates that many of the residents there were “incompetent” and could not give additional information to the enumerator, and Annie’s census line is one that has little information given.

Her death certificate says that Anna Beata Jorgensen, a widow, died November 1, 1931 in the County Infirmary, Salt Lake City, Utah and was buried November 4, 1931 in the Salt Lake City Cemetery. Her parents were listed as Andreas Andreason and Christina Borjeson.33

There are records of Annie doing temple work in the Salt Lake Temple during the early 1920s for some of her relatives, including her grandparents and her aunts and uncles from Sweden.34 Her niece, Anna Augusta Andrews Clark, who was born in Michigan to John Andrews (Johan Martin Andreasson) joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1959.35 Anna Augusta’s daughter, Alta Derimiah, submitted some family records to the Church’s Ancestral File in 1983. However, Anna Beata was not included in these records,36 and so far, we have not been able to contact any family members to share information with them.

Research Notes:

There is evidence that Anna Beata was married to two other men while in Michigan. Here is our theory and the reasoning behind it. First, there is a question about Anna’s brother, Johan Martin’s first marriage. It is significant to Anna Beata’s history since their stories are intertwined. We know that Johan changed his name to John Andrews some­time after he emi­gra­ted.37 In addition, the Ancestral File records say that Johan Martin Andreas­son or John Andrews had an early marriage, ending in divorce.

We find a John Andersen (Anderson and Andreason were often interchangeable) marrying Eva Winchel in Montcalm County, Michigan 7 February 1878.38 A John and Eva Andrews are found also found in Montcalm County in the 1880 census,39 and later on (22 April 1885), they were on the divorce records of Montcalm County.40 The John Andrews of these records was from Sweden.  So, this could be Anna’s brother or it may not be.

Interestingly enough, a John and Eva Andrews were witnesses at the marriage of one Anna Andrews and Henry Norquist, both from Sweden, which took place 2 March 1886 in Sidney, Montcalm, Michigan.41 Was this Anna’s first marriage, witnessed by her brother and his wife? We do not know for sure, but it fits another piece of evidence we have found.

We had been looking for a Norquist marriage for our Anna Beata. Our research had uncovered an “Anna Norquist” from Sweden (maiden name Anderson) that married Edward Graham on 24 June 1887.42 We know Anna Beata Andreason Graham was the name of the woman Asmus Jorgensen later married, so we wonder if this was her marriage. The Anna Norquist who married Edward Graham just a year after she married Norquist seems like a match, except her given ages in several sources do not quite fit Anna Beata’s. This same Anna is with her husband, Edward Graham, in the 1900 federal census on the same page as John Andrews and his wife, Mary.43 We know the John on this census record really is our Anna’s brother. Thus, we decided that this Anna Graham is a close match to our Anna Beata, but she has the wrong birth month and year.

There is not enough conclusive evidence to prove that the Anna who married Henry Norquist and Edward Graham and later was living as a neighbor to Anna Beata’s brother is the same Anna Beata who became our step-great-great-grandmother, though we believe that is true.  At this writing, we have exhausted our currently available resources in trying to either prove or disprove this series of events.

If indeed it is our Anna Beata Andreason, she had immigrated to Michigan by her marriage to Henry Norquist in 1886, when she was 41 years old. We don’t know what happened to Henry, but Anna (some Anna) married again to Edward Graham just over a year later. If that Anna was “our” Anna, she was married to Edward for 17 years before she left for Utah in 1906. Edward Graham died in 1906.44 We researched the Montcalm County divorce records and did not find a divorce for the marriage to Henry Norquist. Neither could we find Henry Norquist’s death.

Endnotes:

1.  Salt Lake City Cemetery Map, available at office on grounds.

2.  Fjärås, Halland, Sweden 1844 parish records, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.8.6000 (Genline FamilyFinder is a program available in the LDS FHL on the desktop-2008).

3.  Family History Library Film 184,069 – Salt Lake Temple Records, Record of Living Endowments, 1905-1908.  P. 206, No. 5553: Anna Beata Andreason, b. 31 Oct 1844, Algard, Halland, Sweden.  Baptized: 19 June 1900. Parents: Andreas Andreason, Christina Borgeson. (This is Anna’s endowment record.)

4.  Family History Library Film 1,239,578 – Salt Lake Temple Records, Sealings of deceased. Volume 1, p. 228: instance of Anna B. Andreason, 10 Dec 1908.  Andreas Andreason, b. 27 Oct 1808, Annabo, Halland, Sweden, d. Sep. 1867, endowed 4 Dec 1908.  Sealed to 2 wives: No. 2984-Christina Borgeson, b. 29 Jul 1815, Stormhult, Halland, Sweden, d. 14 Feb, 1852, endowed 11 Sep 1907.; No. 2985-Helena, b. 1924, Askatorp, Halland, Sweden, d. about 1880, endowed 10 Dec 1908.

5.  Demographic Database of Southern Sweden, http://ddss.nu,, accessed 8 Jan 2008.

6.  Halland Fjärås BMD 1818-1860 p. 387, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.8.5000.

7.  Halland Fjärås Åhlgårda HE 1841-1849 p. 196, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.34.94400.

8.  Halland Fjärås BMD 1818-1860 p. 636. Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.8.21100.

9.  FHL 1,239,612, – Vol. H, p. 345, Sealing to parents, Salt Lake, Volume H, p. 345, 10 Dec 1908: Parents: Andreas Andreason, Christina Borgeson Andreason.  No. 8482: Borge Adolf Andreason b. 1842, Stormhult, Halland, Sweden, d. 1843; No. 8483: Anna Beata Andreason, b. 31 Oct 1844 (living), Algorda, Halland, Sweden: No. 8484: John Adolf Andreason, b. 23 June 1847, Algorda, Halland, Sweden, d. about 1880.

10. Fjärås Halland HE 1841-1849, p. 196, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.34.94400.

11. Halland  Fjärås HE 1876-1890, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.46.71000.

12. Halland Fjärås Sundstorp BMD, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.8.8100.

13. Halland  Fjärås, Sundstorp BMD 1818-1860 p. 650, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.8.21800.

14. Demographic Database of Southern Sweden, http://ddss.nu, accessed 8 Jan 2009.

15. Halland  Fjärås, Sundstorp HE 1850-1860 p. 242, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive GID 1792.36.4100.

16. Halland Fjärås Household Examination 1861-1875 p. 241, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive GID 1792.44.1400.

17. Halland Fjärås HE 1861-1875 p. 416 #2-8, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GID 1792.44.19900.

18. Clough, Ethlyn T. Norwegian Life, December 30, 2003 (EBook #10543) http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/1/0/5/4/10543/10543.txt, accessed 21 January 2009 .

19. Ibid.

20. Household Examinations for Fjärås 1861-1875, p. 234; p. 415; p. 231; p. 29; Onsala 1866-1870, p. 269; p. 93; Onsala 1871-1875, p. 113; p. 195, Fjärås 1861-1875, p. 77, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GIDs 1792.44.700, 1792.44.400, 1792.44.19800, 1792.43.38600, 1828.5.39300, 1828.5.19700, 1828.6.57400, 1828.6.65700, 1792.43.43400.

21. United States Federal census 1910 Salt Lake County, Salt Lake City, Utah.

22. Household Examinations for Fjärås 1876-1890, p. 124; p. 623; Fjärås 1891-1900, p. 558, Genline FamilyFinder, Swedish church records archive, GIDs 1792.45.33800, 1792.46.72700, 1792.49.2900.

23. United States Federal census 1900, 1910 (em. 1873), 1920, 1930 (em. 1872) Montcalm and Kent (1930) County, Michigan.

24. FHL Film 026,695 – LDS Michigan District records No. 1934,  p. 28.

25. FHL Film 026,695 – LDS 14th Ward records 1900-1909 No. 1037.

26. FHL Film 026,658 – LDS 25th Ward records No. 1340, p 242.

27. Utah Marriage Records, FHL film 429, 303, p. 118, No. 12234.  May 9, 1911.

28. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Temple Records, FHL 186,207, Book B, p. 292, No. 5250, May 1911. Sealed 10 May 1910 by Arthur H. Lund.

29. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Temple Records, FHL 184,069, p. 206, No. 5553, Salt Lake Temple Record of Living Endowments 1905-1908.

30. FHL Film 26,866 – LDS (Salt Lake City) Poplar Grove Ward records.

31. Church Census, Pioneer Stake, Poplar Grove, FHL film 271, 374.

32. United States Federal census 1930 Salt Lake County, Salt Lake City, Utah.

33. Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Death Certificates 1904-1956, State of Utah, #1702.  (images online at history.utah.gov  2008.) The County Infirmary, also known as the Salt Lake County General Hospital, was located on State Street at 21st South.

34. LDS International Genealogical Index and Salt Lake Temple records.

35. New Family Search online database for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

36. Ancestral File, familysearch.org, accessed 19 Jan 2009.

37. 1900 U.S. Census for Sidney, Montcalm, Michigan, John and Maria Christina Andrews, including daughter Anna Augusta who joined the LDS Church in 1959;   Ancestral File, familysearch.org, accessed 19 Jan 2009.

38. Early Montcalm marriages, Book A, p. 120, online collection from rootsweb.ancestry.com.

39. 1880 U.S. Census for Fairplain, Montcalm, Michigan with mother-in-law, Eva Cox.

40. Montcalm Co. Michigan Divorces Book 2, p. 617, file #1475.

41. Michigan Marriages 1868-1925, v. 2, p. 427, m 3211, film #2342479 accessed 19 Jan 2009 from labs.familysearch.org.

42. Montcalm Co. Michigan marriage records, FHL 1,295,521, book B. p. 60, No. 3721 24 June 1887.  Groom: Edward F. Graham age 50, residence Sidney, Michigan, born  Canada.  Bride: Anna Norquist, maiden name: Anna Anderson age 41, residence Sidney, Michigan, born Sweden.  Witnesses: JB Sullivan, Mrs. CH Brooks of Stanton, Michigan.

43. The 1894 Michigan state census and the 1900 US census for Sidney, Montcalm, Michigan shows this couple, with some variations in birth dates and places.

44. USGenWeb cemetery transcription for Montcalm County, Sheridan Cemetery, Edward Graham (1840-1906), no wife listed in cemetery